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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The promotion of export processing zones for economic development in Namibia
Author:Van Rooyen, Petrus H.ISNI
Periodical:Journal - Namibia Scientific Society (ISSN 1018-7677)
Notes:biblio. refs., ills.
Geographic terms:Namibia
Southern Africa
Subjects:export oriented industries
Economics, Commerce
Economic and social development
Export processing zones
Cross border trade
Local industry
Trade promotion
Abstract:In order to transcend the limited domestic market in Namibia, the Ministry of Trade and Industry has ordered the investigation of various options, including the promotion of export driven economic development through the establishment of export processing zones (EPZs) in various sites in the northern regions, bordering Angola and Zambia. The first section of this paper looks at general EPZ requirements. This is followed by sections on legal requirements for the establishment of EPZs, global experience with EPZs, and the environmental impact of EPZ establishment. The proposed EPZ sites, which include Oshikango in the Ohangwena region, Rundu in the Okavango, and Katima Mulilo in the Caprivi region, already have the character of urban settlements. As such the proposed EPZ development should have no drastic impact on the environment in terms of wildlife and vegetation. The project can even positively contribute to the rehabilitation of the environment by its operations, amongst others in terms of the recycling of domestic waste. A key area which needs to be considered is the question of why anyone would wish to establish an EPZ in any of these sites, given their remoteness. Although the localities have all the necessary basic social infrastructure services, the facilities are not at the level that would be expected by developers from highly developed countries. The promotion of EPZ activities should be to (local) companies who can actually see a market for their product across the borders, in Angola, Zambia, Botswana and possibly Zimbabwe. Bibliogr., sum. in English, German and Afrikaans.