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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Who Are the Indigenous Tanzanians? Competing Conceptions of Tanzanian Citizenship within the Business Community
Author:Heilman, Bruce E.
Periodical:Africa Today
Geographic term:Tanzania
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Law, Human Rights and Violence
Politics and Government
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/4187234
Abstract:Debate over citizenship has been salient in Tanzania during periods of major political and economic change. After independence, to rectify past colonial policies that favoured Europeans and immigrant middlemen groups, the Tanzanian government faced strong political pressure to give African citizens legal preferences in State employment. In the 1990s, in response to non-African domination of the economy's private sector, a populist faction of the business community emerged to question whether the prosperous Asian community should be given the same rights as African Tanzanians. For its part, the government has stood firmly behind a notion of citizenship that guarantees all Tanzanians equal rights and equal application of the law. The indigenization debate in Tanzania illustrates the tension between a liberal citizenship, with its extension of rights to all citizens, and a populist idea of citizenship based on race or ethnicity. Notes, ref.