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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Citizenship and Place: Spatial Definitions of Oppression and Agency in South Africa
Author:Lalloo, Kiran
Periodical:Africa Today
Geographic term:South Africa
Politics and Government
Law, Human Rights and Violence
Ethnic and Race Relations
History and Exploration
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/4187238
Abstract:This article explores the dynamic relationships between citizenship and place in apartheid South Africa in an attempt to understand how place was instrumental in structuring the inequitable patterns of citizenship observable in South Africa today. The study focuses on the impoverished place types that apartheid generated, namely, the border townships and rural homes in the homelands, urban townships, and migrant labour compounds. It examines how place was used to invert the dual allocative and integrative possibilities of citizenship to suppress the citizenship of blacks in general, and the African majority in particular. It analyses means of restricting access to resources, how the built environment was designed to obstruct and constrain the formation of integrated communities, and the forms of citizenship in each place type. It also analyses changes in the forms of citizenship in each of these place types as a result of revisions in apartheid policy. Finally, it pays attention to strategies developed by victims of apartheid to cope with assaults on their basic rights and apartheid's intended orderings of place and citizenship. Notes, ref.