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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Planning from below with an intermediate-technology model
Author:Powelson, John P.
Periodical:Cultures et développement
Geographic term:Kenya
Subject:economic planning
Abstract:Curiously, the present tendency among economists toward the advocacy of intermediate technology covers every economic activity but their own. While touting the need for labor-intensiveness in agriculture and industry, economists mould for themselves the most capital-intensive, automated models conceivable. Objectives of this paper: 1) to attempt a reversal of this trend by suggesting a model that will be understandable, not only by econometricians, but widely among middle- and high-level civil servants; 2) to provide a framework for planning from below. Instead of starting from an overall growth target, the model constructs one as a weighted average of sectoral growth rates estimated by technicians in the field. This model has been field-tested. A variant was used in the macro-economic projections for the Kenya five-year plan (1974-78). In Kenya, however, it was decided to start with an overall growth rate, to which sectoral growth rates had to conform. Ref., tab.