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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The Formation of the Agricultural Labour Force in Sudan
Author:O'Brien, Jay
Periodical:Review of African Political Economy
Geographic term:Sudan
Subjects:agricultural workers
labour force
labour recruitment
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
Economics and Trade
Labor and Employment
External link:https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/03056248308703526
Abstract:Seasonal recruitment was a primary means of obtaining agricultural labour in Sudan during the colonial and much of the post-colonial period. Agricultural labour was, moreover, predominantly migrant labour. The supply of labour increased as government policies and increased penetration of capitalism expanded cash needs. Specific responses to such needs varied among different groups and in different parts of the country. Hence the agricultural labour force displayed a variety of patterns of migration and a diversity of forms of integration into the capitalist economy depending, amongst others, on the nature of the crop harvested and the internal characteristics and local conditions of the communities from which labour was drawn. In recent years, however, the segmented nature of the agricultural labour force has begun to give way to the development of a national labour market, in which structural unemployment and underemployment together with increased competition among workers have begun to replace the former systems of recruitment and other extra-economic devices in regulating the supply of cheap labour to the agricultural schemes. Notes, ref.