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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The USSR and North African countries
Author:Yodfat, Aryeh Y.
Periodical:Internationale spectator: tijdschrift voor internationale politiek
Geographic terms:Maghreb
Soviet Union
Subjects:economic aid
foreign policy
Abstract:North African countries' geographical position that made them control key naval routes of South European countries has attracted Soviet attention. In attempting to enter that area the USSR tried 1. to use the anti-colonialist and anti-foreigner suspicions prevailing there after the achievement of independence, 2. to supply arms and military equipment and the training to use them, 3. to develop economic and trade relations, provide loans and technical assistance, 4. to attract local leaders and ruling parties. Successively the article discusses the Soviet attempts in Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia, and Libya. In Algeria the USSR made relatively large investments in assistance, but is still far from controlling that country. The USSR established trade relations with Morocco, provided limited economic assistance to Tunisia and made the first steps of entering Libya, via its establishment of a federal union with the UAR. Ref.