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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:State, Merchant Capital, and Gender Relations in Southern Mozambique to the End of the Nineteenth Century: Some Tentative Hypotheses
Author:Alpers, Edward A.
Year:1984
Periodical:African Economic History
Volume:13
Pages:23-55
Language:English
Geographic term:Mozambique
Subjects:dual economy
customary law
women
History and Exploration
Women's Issues
colonialism
international relations
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/3601478
Abstract:The present essay was first presented in 1977. Since then successive drafts have reflected both the rise and decline of the modes of production debate and the wider collective effort to integrate Marxist theory and historical data in the reconstruction of the history of precapitalist African societies. In this essay, the author begins by identifying a cluster of societies that flourished over some seven centuries in southern Mozambique. These societies all shared a common set of fundamental characteristics from which the author has developed the organizing hypotheses for this paper: 1) in southern Mozambique, before the end of the nineteenth century, the dominant social formation was the pre-capitalist state; 2) despite the importance of international trade throughout this period, political power was based primarily on tribute, not trade; 3) the penetration and steady expansion of merchant capital in the context of the growing world market was a crucial factor in the intensification and transformation of relations of exploitation in these states, specifically aggravating relations between men and women to the detriment of women. A set of theoretical perspectives that bears upon these hypotheses is presented. - Map, notes.
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