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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The Institutionalization of Contract Labour in Namibia
Author:Cooper, Allan D.ISNI
Periodical:Journal of Southern African Studies
Geographic term:Namibia
contract labour
History and Exploration
Labor and Employment
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/2637589
Abstract:The South West African Native Labour Association (SWANLA), which emerged during World War II and persisted until the early 1970s, has received much attention by scholars of Namibia as the primary source of exploitation that eventually led to the rise of the independence movement led by SWAPO. This article focuses on two of its predecessors: the Southern Labour Organization (SLO) and the Northern Labour Organization (NLO), which recruited and administered contract labour during the interwar years. These two organizations set the tone for much of the political framework within which contract labour would be organized throughout the postwar years. They also played a fundamental role in breaking down traditional African societies in Namibia, in particular in Ovamboland, and in creating a wage-labour economy and culture. The analysis confirms the centrality of the diamond industry for explaining the nature of contract labour, and much of Namibian politics itself, during the 20th century in Namibia. The study is based on archival documents from the SLO and NLO. Note, ref., sum.