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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The Dynamic Nature of Citizenship and Participation: Lessons from Three Rural Senegalese Case Studies
Author:Patterson, Amy S.
Periodical:Africa Today
Geographic term:Senegal
Subjects:popular participation
Military, Defense and Arms
Development and Technology
Anthropology and Archaeology
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
External link:http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/africa_today/v046/46.1patterson.pdf
Abstract:This article examines citizenship and participation in Senegal on the basis of field research carried out in the villages of Ndoulo and Patar, in the Diourbel region, in 1994 and 1995. The article empirically tests the dynamic nature of citizenship and examines the factors that can transform how individuals see their rights and obligations in a community, using three case studies. The cases demonstrate, first, that the power relations and institutional structures of decisionmaking can negate citizen obligations, and, second, that an ever-evolving social contract can shape individual views of citizenship. The cases are from the local organizations of the water pump ('forage') committee and the women's promotion group (Groupement de promotion féminine, GPF) in the village of Ndoulo, and the national Mouride Islamic organization ('tariqa'). The author also uses interviews with Mourides in Patar. The 'forage' committee and the GPF illustrate that decisionmaking that does not incorporate compromise or the input of everyone does not encourage involvement. The same situation existed among Mourides nationally and in Patar. When a community can no longer meet the expectations of participants, individuals may re-evaluate how they participate. Bibliogr., notes, sum.