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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Recruiting Labor for South African Mines at the Turn of the Century
Author:Setai, Bethuel
Geographic term:South Africa
Subjects:contract labour
Ethnic and Race Relations
Labor and Employment
History and Exploration
Abstract:At the turn of the 20th century, South Africa was on the verge of developing a modern capitalist economy. Its main promise lay in rich gold deposits founded in the Witwatersrand. However, all industries, agriculture, railways, etc. reported shortages in labor. For the gold mines alone there was a shortage of 117,193 African workers and for the coal mines 11,941. Some reasons why Africans were reluctant to work in the mines, were poor wages, the high rate of death due to phthisis disease and the strength of the economy of the Africans. Thus the mining industry could get them only by destroying their social fabric. The recruiting aystem was organised un-dar two categories: the Assisted Voluntary System and the Contract System. One of the forces us to get Africans to go to the mines was the tax (poll tax and hut tax); other push factors were incorporated in the Land Act of 1913. Sections of the article. Introduction - Recruiting of labor in Mozambique: the dynamics of compulsion - Conditions in the mines. Notes; ref.; tables.