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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The first Chacha of Whydah Francisco Felix de Souza
Author:Ross, D.
Periodical:Od: Journal of Yoruba and Related Studies
Geographic term:Benin
Subject:slave trade
Abstract:The English withdrawal from the slave trade in 1807 gave Spaniards, Portuguese and Latin Americans an ascendancy in the trade which they were able to maintain until the transport of slaves across the Atlantic finally ceased. The branch of the trade which they made particularly their own was the collection, in coastal depots, of slaves ready for despatch to the Americas. The wealthiest and most in fluential of these 'depot' operators was a Brazilian of European descent, Francisco Felix De Souza, who, around 1800 settled in the Dahoman port of Whydah. After the deposition of King Adandozan in 1818, and the proclamation of Gankp (Gezo) in his place, de Souza 'became a Dahoman chief, with the title of Chacha of Whydah. He got the monopoly of the sale of slaves from Whydah and was put in charge of all Dahoman relations with the Europeans. By the mid-1830s the slave trade of Whydah practically dried up, which had bad consequences for the Chacha's financial position. Ref.