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Title:Fulani Mahdism and revisionism in Sudan: 'hijra' or compromise with colonialism?
Author:Duffield, M.R.ISNI
Book title:The Central Bilad al-Sudan: tradition and adaptation
Geographic term:Sudan
traditional rulers
Abstract:The present analysis of the modern settlement of Fulani in Sudan hinges on the seizure of power by Mahdists along the eastern borders of the Fulani Empire in northern Nigeria and in northern Sudan during the last quarter of the nineteenth century and the effects of the politico-economic reorganisation and transformation that occurred in both Nigeria and Sudan as the result of colonial conquest at the turn of this century. The analysis centres on the figure of Mohammed Bello Mai Wurno (ca. 1881-1944), the fifth son of the Sokoto Caliph Mohammed Attahiru I, and the settlements that Mai Wurno founded on the Blue Nile, Dinder and Rahad rivers from 1906 onwards. The dynamics of Fulani settlement is examined within the framework of the contradiction between Mahdist and revisionist Mahdist doctrines held by some sections of the Fulani religious class of mallamai and Fulani aristocracy respectively and the transformation of this contradiction in the course of colonial conquest into that between anti-colonial and pro-colonial factions. Bibliogr., notes, sum. in French.