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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Changing Settlement Patterns in Angola
Author:Niddrie, David L.
Year:1974
Periodical:Rural Africana
Issue:23
Period:Winter
Pages:47-77
Language:English
Geographic term:Angola
Subjects:resettlement
villages
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
Abstract:Two forms of population change have modified settlement patterns in Angola: the first consisted of the deliberate introduction of non-Africans from Portugal, Madeira, and the Acores in the past; the second has been in effect since 1961, largely as a result of Portuguese reactions to various African liberation movements in Zaire and Zambia aiming at destroying Portugal's influence and control. This article mainly deals with the resettlement of some 26 per cent of the total population of Angola's eastern zone away from critical frontier areas. Small agglomerations have been concentrated into larger units, not merely for security and defense, but also to lighten the task of providing health-care delivery, water supplies, schools, and churches. The early programmes, between 1963 and 1968, were only reluctantly accepted by the Africans. But since then there has been a rapid acceleration, mainly because the liberation forces, wholly frustrated in their efforts to expel the Portuguese, have turned to a campain of harassment of the civilian population. More than 400 aldeamentos (village concentrations) were set up in the eastern zone in 1972. Economic forces have nominated their mode of development and brought, contrary to the liberation movements, a positive change in the life of the Angolans. Fig., notes, ref., tab.
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