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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:A Note on the Attitudes to the Supernatural in the Sokoto Jihad
Author:Last, MurrayISNI
Periodical:Journal of the Historical Society of Nigeria
Geographic term:Nigeria
Religion and Witchcraft
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Abstract:For a study of the Sokoto jihad, part of its significance lies in seeing how a small community, in becoming the ruling elite of a large society, is changed by that society and how the elite's ideals are transformed, drawing closer to the mores they are meant to replace; how in the confrontation between ideals the niceties of definition can be lost and a simple either-or take their place; how, in short, ideals are bent to the men and women, old or young, slave or free, who have to live by them. Elsewhere the author has tried to show how the Shaikh's community of Muslims in Sokoto reacted in such changes on apolitical and legal level, changing its political structure as well as its definition of a Muslim. In this paper the author moves to the irrational aspects of the community's world, not only to emphasize the important part the irrational played in the jihad but also, in passing, to raise the problem of how to treat the supernatural events reported. The jihad in its second aspect was against astrology, syncretism, semi-Islam. Fighting both pagans and lapsed Muslims the Shaikh renewed Islam as much as he spread it. Notes.