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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Marxism-Leninism and Islamic fundamentalism: the convergence of Third World radical ideologies
Authors:Ottaway, Marina
Johnson, Nets
Periodical:Cultures et développement
Geographic terms:Ethiopia
Abstract:During the 1960s and early 1970s, the search for radical solutions in the Middle East led to the propounding of a nationalistic, non-Marxist brand of socialism and of Pan-Arabism. In Africa a variety of African socialisms and the ideal of Pan-Africanism spread across the continent. By the mid-1970s these very similar radical ideologies were followed by two seemingly divergent trends: Marxism-Leninism in Africa and Muslim fundamentalism in the Middle East. The authors discuss the main similarities they see in the two ideologies and the main problems Third World countries share. They show how these ideological and material similarities have led to the unfolding of similar political processes in three countries, namely Ethiopia and Mozambique, both of which are Marxist-Leninist countries, and Iran, at this point the only example of a modern radical Islamic state. - Bibliogr.