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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Capitalism and the Competition for Swazi Labour 1945-1980
Author:Booth, Alan R.
Year:1986
Periodical:Journal of Southern African Studies
Volume:13
Issue:1
Period:October
Pages:125-150
Language:English
Geographic term:Swaziland - Eswatini
Subjects:labour recruitment
labour migration
Labor and Employment
Economics and Trade
Urbanization and Migration
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/2636679
Abstract:In May 1947 the Native Recruiting Corporation (NRC), the labour recruiting arm of the Transvaal Chamber of Mines in Swaziland, replaced its District Superintendent with a new one. One of the tasks of the new Superintendents was to increase the numbers of recruits which had been lagging, sometimes declining, since the late 1930s. The nature of the competition for Swazi labour which the NRC had faced from the date of its establishment in Swaziland in 1912 had changed dramatically since the end of World War II in numbers, direction and intensity. This paper examines the forces which shaped the new demands for Swazi labour during the postwar years down to 1960, and how they both affected the recruiters and the recruited. It argues that the character of labour-recruiting in twentieth-century Swaziland was closely related to the nature of the capitalist forces at play there. Notes, ref. (Also in: Scenes of change: visions of developments in Swaziland: papers presented at the seminar 'Social Sciences in Swaziland', Free University Amsterdam, February 1986, ed. by Henk J. Tieleman, 1988, p. 52-77.)
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