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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Colonial Rule, Missionaries, and Ethnicity in the North Nyasa District, 1891-1938
Author:Kalinga, Owen J.M.ISNI
Periodical:African Studies Review
Geographic terms:Malawi
Great Britain
Christian education
History and Exploration
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Ethnic and Race Relations
Women's Issues
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/524567
Abstract:The study of Malawi's colonial history has been dominated by the establishment of British rule, the spread of Christian mission influence, and the development of nationalism, among other themes. Critical issues such as ethnic awareness - which was developing in a pronounced way at the same time as the expansion of mission schools and the evolution of national feelings - have been neglected until recently. This article discusses ethnicity in the Old North Nyasa district in the period 1891-1938. It demonstrates how the economic and political changes in the first three decades of colonial rule promoted ethnic tension, and it argues that the indirect rule system was not only divisive, but also a major catalyst for greater ethnicity. It also argues that through certain educational practices which tended to discriminate against some peoples of the region, a number of Karonga-based missionaries of the Livingstonia Synod encouraged the growth of this phenomenon. The article pays particular attention to the role played by the elites of North Nyasa in the heightening of ethnicity in the district. - Notes, ref.