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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The Beylical Habus Council and Suburban Development: Tunis, 1881-1914
Author:Cannon, Byron D.
Periodical:Maghreb Review
Geographic term:Tunisia
Subjects:Islamic law
property rights
urban history
History and Exploration
Politics and Government
Urbanization and Migration
Abstract:Many features of contemporary Algiers or Tunis, including patterns of suburban land use for industrial or agriculturally productive purposes, took form in the early stages of French political and economic penetration. The socio-economic history of Tunis' suburbs prior to 1914 reveals colon pressures for transformation of traditional habus holdings (North African colloquial Arabic for land placed under religious main-morte), as well as efforts by a number of local Tunisian parties themselves to alter cumbersome Islamic habus arrangements. As time passed, diverse Tunisian and colonial concerns clashed, albeit rather indirectly, over the potential economic status of the Tunis suburbs after 1900. A rather enterprising group of Dar el Bey administrators (e.g. Sidi Béhir Sfar) and private Tunisians was interested in investing in the traditional habus-dominated belt of land around Tunis. This became especially apparent once some very moderate legal reforms were put in place under Protectorate sponsorship in 1898. Notes.