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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The reincarnation of the African state: a triple heritage in transition from pre-colonial times
Author:Mazrui, Ali A.ISNI
Periodical:Présence africaine
Geographic term:Subsaharan Africa
Abstract:In Africa's experience State formation has been linked to the broader triple heritage of Africa's history and culture, encompassing indigenous, Islamic and Western traditions. Some States in Africa were primarily products of purely indigenous forces; some were products of interaction between indigenous and Islamic elements; others were outgrowths of a basic interaction between indigenous and Western ideas. Another level of the triple heritage involved the City-State, the Empire-State and the modern Nation-State. Places like Kano and Zanzibar were partly settings for the first tradition but Songhay, Ghana, Mali, the Hausa-Fulani Empire, Ashanti and, possibly, Zimbabwe, were manifestations of the second tradition. Between these precolonial States and the post-colonial State there was a basic discontinuity and the transition from one to the other was bedevilled by a crisis of normative egalitarianism and a crisis of territoriality. Notes.