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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Arabs, Berbers and holy men in Southern Ifriqiya, 650-750 H./1250-1350 A.D.
Author:Brett, M.ISNI
Periodical:Les cahiers de Tunisie: revue de sciences humaines
Geographic term:Tunisia
Abstract:During the 6th/12th century the tribes of the Banu Hilal - who had moved into Tripolitania in the fifty years prior to their defeat of the Zirid sultan Mu'izz ibn Badis at the battle of Haydaran in 443/ 1052 - were succeeded by those of the Banu Sulaym, whose chiefs allied themselves with the Hafsid dynasty at Tunis in the course of the 7th/13th century as agents of the central government over the native Berber peoples of Tripolitania and southern Tunisia. The populations of this region, and the relations between Arabs and Berbers, have been described for the Hafsid period by Robert Brunsch-vig from the literary evidence. A more recent view of the Hafsid period is that of Andre Louis: after the open conflicts of previous centuries there was an interlude during which Berbers and Arabs lived in southern Ifriqiya as neighbours rather than as friends. Before accepting the view of Louis of the early Hafsid period, the present author goes back to the literary sources utilised by Brunschvig, in particular the Rihia of al-Tijani (706/1306-709/1309), and looks in detail at the relations between Arbas and Berbers about the year 700/c. 1300, and especially at the role of holy men, murabitun or marabouts, at this early date. Notes.