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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Citemene, Finger Millet and Bemba Culture: A Socio-Ecological Study of Slash-and-Burn Cultivation in Northeastern Zambia
Authors:Kakeya, MakotoISNI
Sugiyama, Yuko
Periodical:African Study Monographs: Supplementary Issue
Geographic term:Zambia
shifting cultivation
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
External link:http://repository.kulib.kyoto-u.ac.jp/dspace/bitstream/2433/68328/1/ASM_S_4_1.pdf
Abstract:The Bemba who live in the woodland in northeastern Zambia have developed a unique slash-and-burn horticulture called citemene system, and have been cultivating finger millet, a crop of African origin. Today, the citemene system faces criticisms partly because it remains at the stage of subsistence agriculture with low productivity, and partly because it is regarded as a cause of deforestation. This paper presents a general view of the socio-ecological characteristic of the citemene system, based on the results of fieldwork carried out from August to December in 1983. It attempts to provide basic data in order to grasp the actual conditions of agriculture in an area in modern Africa undergoing drastic changes, and to predict the future of a community which is confronted with a conflict between tradition and modernization. - Fig., map, ref., sum., tab.