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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Jihad and State Building in Late Nineteenth Century Upper Volta: The Rise and Fall of the Marka State of Al-Kari of Bousse
Author:Echenberg, Myron J.
Periodical:Canadian Journal of African Studies
Geographic term:Burkina Faso
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Religion and Witchcraft
History and Exploration
Abstract:One of the most persuasive elements in the history of the Western Sudan in the 19th century is the emergence of Muslim empire-builders. Some of them are hardly known at all; yet, abortive thought their imperial efforts might have been, they too are important to an understanding of the changing pattern of Islamic Jihad and aspiration to state building in the last decades of the 19th century, as well as to the knowledge of the local history of the regions in which they acted out their ambitions. The objects of study, Ahmadu Demé of Boussé, commonly referred to in the traditions of northwestern Upper Volta as Al-Hajj Al-Kari, was one such would-be state builder. After his pelgrimage to Mecca in the early 1880s, he returned to his native Boussé, founded a tabala, and began the preparation of a jihad against those animist Samo who refused to convert peacefully to Islam. The Boussé jihad was ended in 1894 by the French under Captain Bonaccorsi. Al-Kari was killed and Boussé town destroyed and the power of militant Islam in Northern Dafina was broken. Ref., figures, table.