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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Citizenship, imperialism and independence: British colonial ideals and independent African states
Author:Small, N.J.
Year:1977
Periodical:Civilisations
Volume:27
Issue:1-2
Pages:17-43
Language:English
Geographic terms:Ghana
Tanzania
Great Britain
Subjects:nationalism
colonialism
nationality
Abstract:This article indicates the attempts being made by Ghana and Tanzania to inculcate the idea of citizenship among their nationals. It traces some of the ideas on citizenship in the metropolitan country, Britain, and the influence of these ideas on colonial policy. Changing attitudes in Britain influenced colonial policies, and the policies practised in the dependent territories faced a situation rapidly developing towards independence in the late 1940s and the 1950s. In those new states there conscious attempts to carry over the mass political movements seeking independence into the period of the independent state, so continuing to generate a sense of community, of identification and of national consciousness. In Ghana, Kwame Nkrumah was considered too doctrinaire by a section of the military who interpreted the results of his policies as inimical to the state and designed for the benefit of only some, not all, of Ghana's citizens. Nkrumah's 'consciencism' fell with its creator. In Tanzania, Nyerere propounded 'African Socialism' or 'Ujamaa'. Notes, French summary.
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