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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:An acoustic and phonological study of pre-pausal vowel length in Hausa
Authors:Newman, Roxana Ma
Heuven, Vincent J. van
Year:1981
Periodical:Journal of African Languages and Linguistics
Volume:3
Issue:1
Pages:1-18
Language:English
Geographic term:West Africa
Subject:Hausa language
Abstract:Although pre-pausal glottal closure has been generally accepted as the defining characteristic of short final vowels and the major phonetic/auditory cue for identifying them, the actual practice of Hausa scholars in determining final vowel length has been to elicit forms in non-pausal frames. This method works well because, long and short final allophones are maximally differentiated in non-pausal position. But the method is workable only because it is assumed that phonological length remains constant irrespective of position before pause or not. The problems, however, that there are a number of poorly understood cases where a final vowel seems to have one length non-pausally-and another length pre-pausally, exhibiting what appears to be an environmentally conditioned alternation. Specifically, these are cases where the final vowel is clearly long in non-pausal position but is reported to be pronounced with final glottal closure in pre-pausal position, i.e. having the normal mark of a short final vowel in this position. It is not clear whether such pre-pausal vowels are actually the same phonetically as normal short final vowels nor what their phonological status is. App., fig., notes, ref., tab.
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