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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Grammatical restructuring in Hausa: indirect objects and possessives
Author:Newman, Paul
Periodical:Journal of African Languages and Linguistics
Geographic term:West Africa
Subject:Hausa language
Abstract:The typical means of forming indirect objects in Chadic is to suffix pronouns directly to the verb and to express noun indirect objects by means of a prepositional phrase. The noun indirect object is typically shifted to the right of the direct object, commonly leaving a pronominal trace in its original position. Such a system was probably characteristic of Proto-Chadic. At an earlier period, Hausa probably manifested such a system, with bare pronouns occurring to the left of the direct object and noun indirect objects, indicated by gÓ + N, occurring to the right of the direct object. The innovations that led to the strikingly different indirect object system that one finds in present-day Hausa were: (a) the change in meaning and function of the miný, makÓ... pronominal paradigm from absolute possessive to dative; (b) the change in meaning and function of the pre-noun marker mÓ from possessive to dative; and (c) the weakening of gÓ to wÓ with the concomitant relaxation of the noun indirect object extraposition rule. Notes, ref.