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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The locational pattern and functions of periodic markets in Zaria Division, Nigeria
Author:Gana, J.A.
Periodical:Savanna: A Journal of the Environmental and Social Sciences
Geographic term:Northern Nigeria
Abstract:Internal trade in Hausaland is characterised by relatively well-developed economic networks, epitomised in its market-place and retail institutions. In the pre-dominantly rural economy of the area, market-places function as important nodes for the exchange of goods and services. Most of the periodic markets are located in or near nucleated settlements. This paper elucidates some principles of organisation behind the location and operation of these markets. It is demonstrated that the scheduling of markets is integrated with their locational spacing and that there is a close relationship between market provisions and population density. A new rationale is advanced which attempts to explain periodic marketing in terms of temporal variations in effective demand and hypotheses are derived to test its validity. The normative question of the 'efficiency of market cycles' is also tested. The results suggest that market schedules are usually synchronised with the needs and objectives of the rural producer/sellers, yet substantial improvements in the system can be advocated. Notes, tables, figures.