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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Islam in the Banamba Region of the Eastern Beledugu, c.1800-c.1900
Author:Perinbam, B. Marie
Periodical:International Journal of African Historical Studies
Geographic term:Mali
History and Exploration
Religion and Witchcraft
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/219138
Abstract:There was a great deal of interaction and coexistence between Muslims and non-Muslims in the Banamba region of the eastern Beledugu, on the left bank or desert side of the Niger river, especially during the latter part of the nineteenth century. The case made by western Sudanese traditions for Bamana (the term the Bambara use to refer to themselves) 'paganism' - and accordingly adopted by the French - has been exaggerated. In fact many so-called non-Muslim Bamana not only adhered to modified forms of Islamic doctrine, but also implemented variations on Islamic ritual. This Islamic-animist 'mixing' represented a complex sociopolitical process, with economic overtones, occurring within historical change. To this extent, Islam in the eastern Beledugu was really part of western Sudanese religious norms, consciously embraced and elaborated by the Maraka, who came to dominate the Islamized populations in the area. Both Muslims, in particular Marka merchants, and non-Muslims, sought to modify potential conflict by ritualizing differences or ideological excesses likely to threaten group security and community survival. Notes, ref.