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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Southern Cameroons traditional authorities and the nationalist movement 1953-1961
Author:Chem-Langh, BonfeenISNI
Periodical:Afrika Zamani: revue d'histoire africaine
Geographic terms:British Cameroons
traditional rulers
History and Exploration
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Abstract:The Southern Cameroons nationalist movement, which culminated in the 1961 plebiscite and the reunion of Southern Cameroons with the Cameroon Republic, had two main groups of leaders, the Western-educated elite or modern leaders, and the traditional authorities or leaders such as village heads, chiefs, and afon (hereditary rulers). Between 1953 and 1961, the traditional leaders appear to have played a more important role in the nationalist movement than the modern leaders: they were at the centre of events, and their near united action and attitude was a symbol of the unity of Southern Cameroons. To a very large extent, the results of the plebiscite were a function of their behaviour. The author examines the Southern Cameroons nationalist movement from the viewpoint of both groups of leaders and brings out the very important role of the traditional leaders in the movement. - Notes.