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Book chapter Book chapter Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Usaid in the Sahel: development and poverty
Author:Derman, WilliamISNI
Book title:The politics of agriculture in tropical Africa
Geographic terms:Sahel
United States
Subject:development cooperation
Abstract:The U.S. government responded to the West African drought and famine of 1968-1974 with a policy that aimed to make the Sahel a showcase for development assistance. In the Foreign Assistance Act of December 1973, Congress had sanctioned significant 'new directions' in development strategy. The author discusses what new kinds of analysis, projects and policies USAID came up with. The major documents of 1976 to 1981 shwo that the familiar intellectual arsenal of modernization was turned on the current problems of increasing food production and helping small farms. No significant beginning was made to laying the intellectual basis for a new conception of aid and its goals. When in the 1980s the political atmosphere began to shift from basic needs to market returns, the arguments could be slithtly changed to justify abandoning project aid in favor of building and strengthening market institutions, and to justify diminishing aid to the Sahel region. Most recently, AID is placing emphasis upon river basin development in Senegal, The Gambia, Casamance and Niger. Here, again, is a marked shift away from assisting decentralized and small-scale production to reliance upon relatively large, centrally managed projects. Note, ref.