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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Munsa Earthworks: A Preliminary Report on Recent Excavations
Author:Robertshaw, PeterISNI
Periodical:Azania: Archaeological Research in Africa (ISSN 1945-5534)
Notes:biblio. refs., ills., maps
Geographic terms:Uganda
East Africa
Anthropology and Archaeology
Anthropology, Folklore, Culture
Archaeological sites
Munsa (Uganda)
Excavations (Archaeology)
External link:https://doi.org/10.1080/00672709709511585
Abstract:Munsa earthworks are located near Kakumiro township in Bugangaizi County, Kibaale District, Uganda. The earthworks consist of a system of ditches at the centre of which lies a rocky hill, Bikegete. Excavation of two test pits in this area in 1994 revealed about 90 cm of stratified deposits with artefacts and poorly preserved bones. On the basis of these finds, a major excavation of the site was launched in 1995. The preliminary results of the excavations at Munsa between 1988, when limited excavations took place, and 1995 are presented here. It appears that the summit of Bikegete was the scene of numerous activities, including iron-working, probably grain storage, burial of the dead, and probably some settlement. The combination of features and activities, as well as the presence of such items as glass beads and the predominance of cattle bones, suggests that the area of Munsa may have been reserved for various ritual, economic and craft activities that were performed by a group of elite persons perhaps acting on behalf of a wider community. Radiocarbon dates indicate that the site has a relatively complex history that spans a period from as early as about the late first millennium AD to the middle of the 17th century or later. Bibliogr., notes, ref.