Go to AfricaBib home

Go to AfricaBib home AfricaBib Go to database home

bibliographic database
Previous page New search

The free AfricaBib App for Android is available here

Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The 1928-1931 Gbaya Insurrection in Ubangui-Shari: Messianic Movement of Village Self-Defense?
Author:O'Toole, Thomas
Periodical:Canadian Journal of African Studies
Geographic term:Central African Republic
Subjects:Gbaya (Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo Brazzaville, Democratic Republic of Congo)
Kongo Wara
History and Exploration
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Religion and Witchcraft
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/484333
Abstract:Between 1928 and 1931, the colonial administrations of French Equatorial Africa and the Cameroon protectorate maintained that they were faced with an outbreak of rural violence among the Gbaya and other peoples of Upper Sangha and neighbouring areas, which required considerable armed force to suppress. Many historical details relating to this Kongo Wara or 'The War of the Hoe Handle' movement are obscure and subject to major differences of interpretation. This essay seeks neither to establish the groundwork for a comparative study of Gbaya resistance and other primary resistance movements in Equatorial Africa nor to enter into the debate whether initial resistance movements are directly linked to later nationalist movements. It asks the reader to consider the possibility that, what external observers, both contemporary and subsequent, have reified into a full blown millenarian protest movement was rather a kind of self fulfilling prophecy. The general outline of events presents the Kongo Wara as a centralized movement of resistance to labor recruitment and taxation. Bibliogr. map, notes, sum. (in French).