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Title:Cultural and social class differences in maternal communication and teaching strategies of the Nigerian mother
Author:Ashem, Beatrice
Periodical:African Journal of Educational Research
Geographic term:Nigeria
Subjects:psychological tests
child rearing
Abstract:This study examines Nigerian mother-child communications in situations which maximise the opportunity for the mother to demonstrate her expectations for, and provide feedback responses to the child. Mothers were asked to help their 3- or 4-year old blindfolded children to build blocks. They were told, 'You can say or do anything you like to get him to do the task - but don't actually build the blocks for him'. An estimate of what they expected of their children was obtained, and an assessment of what was done to help, or hinder, the child to perform. Questionnaire data was also obtained as to their reaction when a child was in problem-solving situations. A second study examined more closely and objectively some of the findings. Specific questions emerging: Do the differences observed reflect Nigerian patterns of child rearing vs. Western, or are they related to social class? Would the mothers respond differentially to the child in an achievement situation, in a situation requiring creative activity, or in a teaching situation? Would there be class differences reflected in any or all of these situations? Ref., tables, abstract.