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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Ethnography and the Closing of the Frontier in Lower Congo, 1885-1921
Author:MacGaffey, WyattISNI
Periodical:Africa: Journal of the International African Institute
Geographic terms:Congo (Democratic Republic of)
Subjects:Christian press
colonial conquest
Kongo language
History and Exploration
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
External links:https://www.jstor.org/stable/1160684
Abstract:Besides adducing new information on the formation of colonial society in Belgian Congo, this article comments on some of the ways in which the process itself allowed or forbade certain kinds of information to appear in the written record. It is based on an examination of the bulletin Min samu Miayenge, published by the Swedish Missionary Society on behalf of the newly established Protestant missions of the Lower Congo from 1892 onwards. Written in KiKongo, the bulletin provided the only public medium of written expression and communication available to the emergent literate elite during the formative years of the colonial order. A contrast is apparent between the confrontational situation of the 1880s and the consolidation of colonial dominion provoked by the Kimbanguist uprising in 1921. The reactions of the governments to the uprising included efforts to seal the frontier between French and Belgian Congo, and restrictions on publications permitting communication among Africans. Bibliogr., notes, sum. in French.