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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Algerian Islam in a Time of Transition, c.1890- c.1930
Author:Christelow, AllanISNI
Periodical:Maghreb Review
Geographic terms:Algeria
Church and State
History and Exploration
Religion and Witchcraft
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Abstract:The historiography and sociology of Islam in colonial Algeria hang upon two polar concepts, that of 'maraboutisme' or 'confrérisme', and that of 'ulamism' or Islamic reformism. The first was a major factor in resistance to the French colonial invasion up until the 1880s, while 'ulamism' became involved in the struggle for independence in about 1925, when 'Abd al-Hamid Ben Badis began his career as a publisher and organiser. The two polar concepts do not, however, help us to understand the mechanisms of change, the process of transformation from the first situation to the second. The present article sketches what did happen in that intermediate period, particularly in terms of the relationship between Islam and the colonial state. The analysis is concerned primarily with cities and with urban notables, for it was in this milieu that religious edifices and offices (at least the ones directly controlled by the state) were concentrated, and in which the most important changes took place. Notes.