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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The growth pattern of adolescent Tswana school-children
Author:De Villiers, F.P.R.
Periodical:Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
Geographic terms:Bophuthatswana
South Africa
child development
External link:http://tropej.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/33/3/143
Abstract:Southern African black children are smaller than North American children. Despite some secular size increases, they have not yet caught up with the NCHS standards. Rural Tswana schoolchildren were weighed, and their height and head circumference measured. Of the boys, 77.5 percent were underweight for age compared with only 35.8 percent of the girls; 67.8 percent of the boys and 50 percent of the girls were short for age. Girls are thus closer to the NCHS standards than the boys, but a fair number of the girls were relatively obese. The population mean for weight and height falls in the mild malnutrition (Gomez) and the first degree stunting (Waterlow) interval. The study population was also compared with populations from elsewhere in Africa, There is some late 'catch-up' growth in early adulthood, and possible reasons for this were examined; the 'catch-up' growth is, however, less impressive than in some other African populations. Ref.