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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:A seventeenth century chronicle of the origins and missionary activities of the Wangarawa
Author:Al-Hajj, Muhammad
Periodical:Kano Studies
Geographic term:Northern Nigeria
Subjects:Islamic history
Kano polity
Abstract:During a tour in 1963 of the Northern provinces in order to collect Arabic manuscripts pertaining to Nigerian history, the author recovered some 130 items of varied character and great interest. The earliest work in the collection, in authorship, is a chronicle dated 1061 A.H. (1650/51 A.D.) on the history of the Wangarawa of Kano. Wangara was mentioned by al-Idrisi in the 12th century as a country 'renowned on account of the quantity and quality of the gold' that it produces. Modern scholars have identified Wangara with the country formed by the upper basins of the Senegal and the Niger. The Wangarawa, the Dyula branch of the Mande (Malli, Mandingo) peoples, spread over West Africa as traders or conquerors. The Wangarawa who came to Kano in the 15th century were mainly missionaries who brought Islam to Hausaland. The chronicle is presented in original script and in translation. Notes.