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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The Rise of the Mwenemutapa Empire from 450-1696: A Politico-Military History of Its Founding by the Mbire
Author:Mutunhu, Tendai
Periodical:Journal of Southern African Affairs
Geographic term:Zimbabwe
Mwene Mutapa polity
History and Exploration
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Abstract:According to the oral historians of Zimbabwe, the Mwenemutapa empire was founded by the Mbire, a patronymic group (clan) of the Makaranga, now collectively known as Mashona. The ancestors of the Makaranga settled between the Zambezi River and the Limpopo River after migrating from East Africa. This essay focuses on the rise and territorial expansion of the Mwenemutapa Empire in Southern Africa. Sections: the arrival and settlement of the ancestors of the Makaranga in Southern Africa - the rise of the State of Guruhuswa - the construction of the state capital - economic development and commercial trade in the state of Guruhuswa - the Northern Migration of the Mbire from Guruhuswa - the naming of the emerging empire as the Mwenemutapa Empire. Conclusion: the rise and development of the Mwenemutapa Empire from 450 to 1696 was the greatest and most impressive political, military and cultural accomplishment in the history of pre-colonial southern Africa. Notes.