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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The dream of Ujamaa after the collapse of Communism
Author:Magesa, LaurentiISNI
Year:1999
Periodical:Exchange: Journal of Contemporary Christianities in Context
Volume:28
Issue:4
Pages:341-350
Language:English
Geographic term:Tanzania
Subjects:socialism
ujamaa
External link:https://doi.org/10.1163/157254399X00276
Abstract:Ujamaa socialism was the sociopolitical and economic policy carried out in Tanzania under the inspiration of President Julius K. Nyerere, from 1967 up to about 1985. Nyerere had resisted pressure from the major Western industrialized countries and from their financial institutions to abandon Ujamaa in favour of the 'free market' economic system or liberal capitalism. Essentially, his reasoning was that while liberal capitalism was efficient at facilitating the creation of wealth, it was not as good in promoting civilization, understood as the growth of every person and the whole person. After Nyerere's resignation from political leadership, Tanzania could not resist the pressure of financial globalization unleashed by the collapse of Communism, the apparent 'triumph' of the capitalist system, and the emergence of the USA as the only global superpower. Since 1985 Ujamaa as Tanzania's national policy has collapsed. But what specifice ally was the insight of Ujamaa on the wealth and civilization of nations? What are the consequences of disregarding that contribution of Ujamaa for Tanzania and the world? This paper examines these questions. Towards the end of the 20th century, the world is witnessing what can be best described as the disintegration of civilized society. Might there be a system the world may investigate for clues to a solution of the present crisis? Could Ujamaa be such a system? Notes, ref.
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