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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The Nyasaland Tea Industry in the Era of International Tea Restrictions, 1933-1950
Author:Palmer, Robin H.
Periodical:The Journal of African History
Geographic term:Malawi
Economics and Trade
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
History and Exploration
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/181724
Abstract:The tea industry in the Cholo and Mlanje districts of southern Nyasaland emerged during the 1930s under the shelter of the International Tea Regulation Scheme of 1933 which restricted exports by the world's leading producers. In contrast to its East African neighbours, Nyasaland's tea industry was well organised locally by the Nyasaland Tea Association and was effectively represented in Britain by its London Committee. By 1938 tea had become one of Nyasaland's few profitable industries. A seeming further advantage was the bulk buying scheme, at guaranteed prices, organised by the British Ministry of Food which lasted throughout the 1940s, but the industry's wartime performance was sluggish as a consequence of poor growing seasons combined with serious shortages of manpower and fertilizer. As a poor quality, low price producer facing chronic labour shortages, which prevented millions of pounds of tea from being picked, Nyasaland greeted with hostility imperial decisions to withdraw eastern Africa from the International Tea Scheme in 1948, to end bulk buying in 1950, and generally to encourage the free expansion of production. App., notes, tab.