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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:European leadership in small communities in Tanganyika prior to independence: a study of conflicting social and political interracial roles
Author:Tanner, R.E.S.ISNI
Geographic term:Tanzania
civil service
Abstract:This paper refers to the small European communities outside Dar-es-Salaam, excluding the farming communities around Arusha, Moshi and the Southern Highlands. The District Commissioner was the institutional head of the community and the smooth running of the civil service and the community was best obtained if he was able to become the social as well as the institutional head of the community. When African civil servants became resident in the community there was a split between largely passive senior qualified and actively anti-African-progress junior unqualified officials. In this situation the District Commissioner could no longer unify the community by previously accepted methods. He could attempt and fail to ally himself with the African group; he could attempt to get the two groups into social contact; he could ally himself with the diminishing European sub-group. Each group maintained the stereotype of the other in the absence of much genuine social contact, while allowing both groups to do their work in co-operation without abrasive social difficulties.