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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Educating Congolese Abroad: An Historical Note on African Elites
Author:Yates, Barbara A.
Periodical:International Journal of African Historical Studies
Geographic terms:Congo (Democratic Republic of)
educational policy
Education and Oral Traditions
History and Exploration
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/218113
Abstract:The Belgian colonial administration and espacially Christian mission societies operated virtually all of the schools in the Congo. Though generally they agreed that Congolese should be educated in the Congo, for a period at the end of the nineteenth century three experiments were undertaken to educate Congolese abroad. These programs were important, not because of the numbers involved - fewer than one hundred pupils - but because all of them, after a short trial, were curtailed. Mot until the early 1950s were exit visas again granted to Congolese for secular study abroad. These three study-abroad programs serve as a contrasting context in which to examine emerging educational policies and to highlight the origins of the kinds of African elites preferred by the colonial administration and Christian missions. At independence in 1960 Zaire had no black army officers, and only several score senior-level black administrators in the civil service. While there were no Congolese physicians, engineers or agronomists, there were 600 Congolese Catholic priests and approximately 500 ordained Protestant pastors. Notes.