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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The Peasantariat and Politics: Migration, Wage Labor and Agriculture in Botswana
Author:Parson, Jack
Periodical:Africa Today
Period:4th Quarter
Geographic term:Botswana
Subjects:class formation
centre and periphery
labour migration
Urbanization and Migration
Labor and Employment
Economics and Trade
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
Politics and Government
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/4186261
Abstract:Conventional migration theory views agriculture as a more or less separate alternative to wage employment. The resulting 'dual economy' (agriculture -industry) corresponds to the usual 'tradition-modern' dichotomy. An alternative approach views migration as an articulation of modes of production. This article develops this debate and illuminates the difficulties of both these views. What is known about wage labor migration in Botswana is summarized in the next section. A theoretical explanation then follows, developing the argument that the internationalization of capitalism created new forms of working class in the periphery, here a peasantariat in Botswana. Colonialism as the political mechanism in this process is discussed, as are its consequences in generating nationalism. Some of the resulting contradictions and effects in the post-colonial period are indicated in the final section. - Notes, tab.