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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The Rise of a National Bourgeoisie in Kenya
Author:Swainson, Nicola
Periodical:Review of African Political Economy
Geographic term:Kenya
Miscellaneous (i.e. Demography, Refugees, Sports)
Economics and Trade
External link:https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/03056247708703310
Abstract:Using detailed analysis of data from two case studies (Njenga Karume; The Kenya Tea Development Authority), evidence is provided of the growth of indigenous capitalist enterprise in Kenya. A local capitalist class is developing, originally based on merchant capital and gradually moving into manufacturing. Far from this bourgeoisie being 'auxiliary' (Leys' term) to international capital, it has used its connections with the Kenya state successfully to establish itself in direct competition with foreign firms. The tendency of dependency theory to see the principal contradiction as an external imperialism leads to a failure to see the developing internal class contraditions posed by a rising national bourgeoisie and to derive relevant political strategies for the oppressed classes. The main argument of this article is levelled against Colin Leys' view in his book 'Underdevelopment in Kenya' (London, 1975), of a 'continuing dependence on the African petty-bourgeoisie and auxiliary bourgeoisie of foreign capital'. Bibl. note, tables.