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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Tribalism and Politics in Zambia
Author:Rotberg, Robert I.ISNI
Periodical:Africa Report
Geographic term:Zambia
Subjects:political conditions
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Ethnic and Race Relations
Politics and Government
Abstract:Although the results of the election for places in the Central Committee of the UNIP in August 1967 generally have been ascribed to tribalism, the opinion of the author is that 'class' is the more determining variable in Zambian politics today, and that the 'tribal' split in the governing party is symptomatic rather than causal. In spite of the some 70 tribes speaking some 30 languages, there is no history of tribal conflict; until 1958 the Congress showed no evidence of tribal cleavages. The split in the cabinet by the time of independence did appear to flow along tribal lines, but is basically between the university graduates and the party activists. Pres. Kaunda has meanwhile served notice in his 'Doctrine of Humanism' that he intends to oppose the growth of tribal blocs within the party or the nation. He is the critical fulcrum on which the contending political forces in Z. are balanced. As annexes some thoughts of Kaunda on tribalism from an address to the UNIP Council and excerpts from a pamphlet of K. for the National Council of the UNIP, and a table concerning the UNIP party elections in August 1967.