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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Adelaide Casely Hayford: cultural nationalist and feminist
Author:Okonkwo, Rina
Periodical:Journal of the Historical Society of Sierra Leone
Geographic term:Sierra Leone
Subjects:national culture
biographies (form)
About person:Adelaide Smith Casely Hayford (1868-1960)ISNI
Abstract:The cultural nationalist movement originated in West Africa in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries as an intellectual reaction to European colonisation. The Creoles of Sierra Leone, schooled as civilisers of the rest of Africa, and denationalised and cut-off from their village pasts, were particularly in need of the message of cultural nationalism. The transformation from black Englishman to cultural nationalist was well exemplified in the life of Adelaide Casely Hayford (1868-1960). Although not as famous as her husband, J.E. Casely Hayford, who was the heir to Edward Wilmot Blyden as principal theorist and activist of cultural nationalism, Mrs. Hayford made a significant contribution to cultural nationalism in Freetown between the wars. She founded and headed the 'Girls' Vocational School, 1923-1940, to further the cause of instilling pride of race and love of the country in the young people and also the educate African women. In later years, she spent her time writing her memoirs and short stories to continue the propagation of her ideas of cultural nationalism and feminism. Notes.