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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Yohannes's Greek Advisers
Author:Natsoulas, Theodore
Periodical:Northeast African Studies
Geographic term:Ethiopia
Subjects:foreign policy
Politics and Government
History and Exploration
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/43660183
Abstract:According to Greek sources, Greek participation in the formulation of Yohannes's policy toward Egypt and Italy significantly contributed to the maintenance of Ethiopia's territorial integrity and independence. Present at Yohannes's negotiations with Great Britain on behalf of Egypt and with Italy, respectively, were Demosthenes Hitzakis, an official representative from Greece, and Nicholas Parisis, the emperor's personal physician. Both men were accused by the Europeans of exacerbating Yohannes's intransigence. Mitzakis was in Ethiopia in 1879 during the Gordon mission, which failed to conclude an Ethio-Egyptian peace treaty, and in 1884 during the Hewitt mission, which was successful in gaining Ethiopia's cooperation in the evacuation of Egyptians from the Mahdist Sudan. In 1885-1886, when Italy was embarking on its efforts to extend its influence into Ethiopia, Parisis acted not only as the emperor's physician but also was his adviser and confidant. The evidence available on the role played by the two men is of two kinds: their own words, and those of their British and Italian critics. Ref.