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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The Policy of National Integration in Zaire
Author:MacGaffey, WyattISNI
Periodical:Journal of Modern African Studies
Geographic term:Congo (Democratic Republic of)
Subjects:nation building
conflict of laws
Politics and Government
Law, Human Rights and Violence
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Ethnic and Race Relations
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/160377
Abstract:The policy of national integration, not to be confused with another policy, that of suppressing tribalism in favour of national solidarity, refers to the suppression of social pluralism, a legacy of the Belgian version of indirect rule. Social pluralism, known in Zairean jurisprudence as 'le régime dualiste', means that Zairois regulate their lives by two sets of rules, statutory and customary, which they consciously segregate according to context, and which are associated with 'European' and 'African' cultures, respectively. It is an uncomfortable condition, offensive to the current official doctrine of cultural 'authenticity'. The policy of national integration is Intended to abolish this colonial legacy by legal and administrative action in four domains: marriage and inheritance, the judicial system, territorial administration, and access to land. The homogenisation taking place in these domains in the name of national integration clearly favours a division of the country into two classes with divergent resources and interests. Notes.