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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Ways of Death: Accounts of Terror from Angolan Refugees in Namibia
Author:Brinkman, IngeISNI
Periodical:Africa: Journal of the International African Institute
Geographic terms:Angola
Subjects:civil wars
Miscellaneous (i.e. Demography, Refugees, Sports)
Military, Defense and Arms
Law, Human Rights and Violence
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/1161399
Abstract:In their accounts of the war in Angola, refugees from southeastern Angola who now live in Rundu (Namibia) draw a distinction between warfare in the past and the events that happened in their region of origin after independence in 1975. Although they process their experiences through recounting history, these refugees maintain that the incidence of torture, mutilation and massive killing after 1975 has no precedent in the area's history. This article, which is based on interviews conducted in Kehemu and Kaisosi, two locations east of Rundu town, between February and October 1996 and between June and October 1997, investigates the reasons for this posited modernity of killing and torture. It shows that the placement of recent events outside local history represents an expression of outrage and indignation at the army's treatment of the civilian population during the recent phase of the war. The outrage not only concerns the scale of the killing and torture, but is also linked with the issue of agency. The informants accuse UNITA army leaders in particular of wanton disregard for the lives and livelihoods of their followers. Bibliogr., notes, sum. in English and French.