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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:From industrialisation to de-industrialisation in the former South African homelands: the Case of Mogwase, North West
Author:Phalatse, Moserwa RosinaISNI
Periodical:Urban Forum
Geographic term:South Africa
Subjects:women's employment
industrial development
External link:https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF03036836
Abstract:As a result of the policy of industrial decentralization introduced during apartheid, women were drawn into the industrial labour force in great numbers in the peripheral areas of South Africa, particularly in the homelands or bantustan areas. The provision of incentives attracted industrial investors to these remote areas. Industrial decentralization afforded local women the opportunity of economic independence. The post-1994 changes and the withdrawal of incentives have resulted in a process of de-industrialization with corresponding negative implications for local women workers. This paper deals with the Mogwase area in the North West Province, in the former homeland of Bophuthatswana, sketching the patterns of industrial development since the early 1960s, factors leading to industrial decline in the 1990s and methods of labour shedding in factories, and current initiatives to address job losses in the area. With recession and high levels of unemployment in the formal sector, retrenched women factory workers are forced to enter the informal sector. Alternatively, they function as casual or seasonal workers, outside the purview of labour legislation and beyond the reach of trade unions. The article is based on interviews with factory managers and former factory workers. Bibliogr.