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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The Political Economy of Land Acquisition and Redistribution in Zimbabwe, 1990-1999
Author:Moyo, SamISNI
Periodical:Journal of Southern African Studies
Geographic term:Zimbabwe
Subjects:land reform
Politics and Government
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
Economics and Trade
Ethnic and Race Relations
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/2637547
Abstract:The growth of poverty, unemployment and income disparities in the face of the underuse of substantial parts of land and natural resources in Zimbabwe is the main factor that fuels the country's land question. While historical grievances over land alienation remain important, these tend to be subordinated to the more general demand for the redistribution of land for productive uses. Key objective of land reform policy is to establish a more rational and efficient structure of farming. The attempt to acquire 1,471 farms for redistribution to black smallholder farmers in 1997 forms the focus of this article, which attempts to evaluate the process of land acquisition and the government's consistency in addressing the land question using the government's own criteria for land identification, as enshrined in the Land Acquisition Act of 1992, viz. land underuse (including derelict land), multiple farm ownership, farmer absenteeism, contiguity to communal areas, and oversized farms in terms of their agro-ecological potential. The objective of this analysis is to evaluate the political economy of Zimbabwe's emerging land policy. The author also examines the social and economic implications of redistributing the land that was gazetted for acquisition. A variety of pressures were brought to bear upon the government to compromise its mass acquisition programme of 1997 and to de-list farms. The land reform programme can only achieve its objectives through strategic planning and stressing economic rationality. Notes, ref., sum.